The landscape of Business Intelligence changes with SQL Server 2012. Microsoft has introduced a new “model” – the BI Semantic Model.
Don’t get too hung up on this word though, the BI Semantic Model is really just an umbrella terminology that says as long as a source follows the BI Semantic Model, it will be supported in the tools. This is the eventual goal anyway; for now there is still a discrepancy which tools support what.
The multidimensional model is the traditional OLAP model. Data source is a cube, that is processed from a data warehouse that usually follows a star schema. Complex calculations and queries using MDX can be done against it. It also allows write-backs.
The new tabular model is not really a “new model” because it is a relational model. Yes the same model we’ve grown accustomed to using when we query our transactional OLTP databases. The difference is, SSAS Tabular is an in-memory database. This is fueled by the xVelocity engine (previously known as Vertipaq), and it also leverages columnstore indexes. All calculations are in memory, and this makes tabular models really fast.
Just finishing up my presentation for this Saturday’s Vancouver Techfest, and was putting a slide for some of the x-terms in SQL Server 2012. Just thought I’d share it:
xVelocity In Memory Analytics Engine
In SQL Server 2008 R2 – this was introduced as Vertipaq for PowerPivot for Excel (see James Beresford blog about Vertipaq)
In SQL Server 2012 this technology was integrated into Analysis Services.
In SQL Server 2012, it was also rebranded into xVelocity. The reasoning is that this is going to become part of a bigger xVelocity family for next generation performance improvements. Simran Jindal has a great diagram that illustrates this family. Thanks Simran, very helpful!
A one liner summary of xVelocity?
This is SQL Server going fast – sometimes really really fast (think 100X faster)! Read more
Here’s a quote from the Pragmatic Works Foundation site:
“The Pragmatic Works Foundation is a non-profit organization created to find passionate people who are interested in joining the technology field but cannot make the financial investments needed for training and hardware. The goal is to provide candidates the opportunity to learn new technologies from industry experts. In addition to offering free training, we work with our onsite recruiter to help place candidates who complete training with a new career in technology. We all respect and honor those who have served for our country, that’s why we are devoted to helping veterans that are interested in transitioning to a new IT career.”
Pragmatic Works Foundation is like the SQL Server Freshman Scholarship. I see it is as such a noble cause; looking for people who may want to switch up their careers, but just don’t have the resources to hit the ground running. Don’t get me wrong – there are a lot of great free resources out there that can help – the SQL Server User Groups, the SQLSaturdays, the Virtual Chapters and 24HOP. But for someone who might be completely new to technology, it might be hard and intimidating to join these events without someone holding your hand, or just guiding you.
Microsoft and Richard Davis have put together a great how-to document for creating a SQL Server 2012 VHD for development and experimental purposes.
How to Build a SQL Server 2012 Hyper-V Virtual Machine (KIWI build)
So if you are thinking of exploring the new SQL Server 2012 capabilities, including the new BI capabilities (PowerView! xVelocity!), head on to his site. It’s going to be a long process, but at least Richard has given us a comprehensive list of to-do’s.